Environment: Integration of risks and opportunities of climate change on the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy of Cape Verde
United Nations, Praia, June 16 - The assessment of climate risks in the document of the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategic Paper (GPRSP-II) was the topic of a seminar held in the City of Praia on June 14th and 15th.
With the aim to provide to Cape Verdean institutions a space for discussion and understanding of climate change, enabling them to integrate climate change considerations in the national development plans. The meeting brought together technicians and specialists in environment and planning, and discussed topics such as the Climate of Cape Verde and its Climate Projections, the Concepts of Climate Change, the Project of Climate Risks, among others. Also were presented the results of the assessment of climate risks in the GPRSP-II, after which was followed by a discussion that brought questions to consider about the impact of climate change in the selected sectors in the GPRSP-II.
According to the document produced by the UNDP and the Spanish Cooperation, the climate change imposes serious risks to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, the development planning rarely considers the risks associated with climate change, including variability.
The document also reveals that the known impacts of climate change, especially changes in temperature, rainfall, and increased soil salinity, could compromise the sustainability of development projects, that enable for example, assistance to disadvantaged rural population through investments in new sources of water for agriculture. The non-assimilation of impact risks of climate change on human development may reduce the prospects of the poor, which totalize 40% of the world population.
The opportunities presented today are extremely important and once harnessed can make a big difference. For example, the work of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on governance can strengthen the capacity of national institutions to work effectively with a wide range of partners. In this way, increasing the efficiency of cooperation, therefore strengthening the resilience to risks of climate change.
The UNDP has made climate change a priority for the institution. This is reflected in the UNDP Strategic Plan 2008 – 2011, where the Fourth Strategic Priority of its plan aims to "integrate climate change into UN development assistance at the national, regional and global levels."
Still, according to the same document, the UNDP's Energy & Environment Group, developed a US$ 1.2 million project funded by the Government of Spain, entitled as "Integrating Climate Change Risks into National Development Processes and UN Country Programming". The project will be implemented in collaboration with the UNDP's Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR), and the UNEP-Risoe, Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development. The project aims to strengthen the national capacity to face climate change through a long-term planning and development of adaptation strategies.
The five countries participating in the project are Cape Verde, Malawi, Colombia, El Salvador and Nicaragua. Through this project, these countries will make efforts in order to protect its development activities against future risks and vulnerabilities of climate change.
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