Aid Coordination and Effectivenes
A priority for the UN in Cape Verde
The objective of Delivering as One in Cape Verde is to enhance effectiveness and efficiency of the United Nations to better assist the Government in achieving its development results - including the Millennium Development Goals - and in managing the transition period that follows the Country's Graduation from the LDC status. In line with the global UN effort towards System-wide Coherence, this is a clear priority for the whole UN System strongly stated in the most important UN political guidelines documents, the Triennial Comprehensive Political Review (2001, 04, 07). The concept of Aid effectiveness is therefore crucial in the activity of the United Nations in the archipelago, applying both internally (in the collaboration among UN Agencies) and externally (in the relations between the UN, the Government and the Development Partners).
In the new aid environment, shaped during the last few years by fundamental agreements like the Monterrey Consensus (2002), the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005) and most recently the Accra Agenda for Action (2008), the need for more coordinated efforts and coherent aid is a clear priority. Consistently with this evolution, the UN System in Cape Verde is not only fully committed to improve the effectiveness of its support to the Country but also dynamically sustains the joint efforts of the Government and the Development Partners (DPs) in facing this challenge.
"Effective aid" in Cape Verde means:
- Maintaining the level of resources needed to support continuous and sustainable development;
- Enhancing the harmonization of DPs' programmes in the Country;
- Improving the predictability of aid flows;
- Delivering better development results, coherently responding to Government priorities;
- Aligning to the new instruments and modalities of development cooperation;
- Complying with the international commitments.
In order to achieve these objectives, several mechanisms and procedures have been established under the leadership of the Government of Cape Verde and with the support of the Development Partners community and the United Nations.
In the context of aid coordination and effectiveness in Cape Verde, the GAT (Groupe d'Appui à la Transition) plays a crucial role. In view of the Country's Graduation from LDC status and foreseeing a decline in ODA and other concessionary measures, the Government and its development partners created the GAT in 2006. The Group gathers all Cape Verde's bilateral and multilateral partners and meets once/twice a year (five times so far) to discuss - together with the Government - the development guidelines for the Country and its Partners' supporting strategies.
The Resident Coordinator co-chairs GAT meetings together with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the UN concretely supports the organization of the dialogue and its action-oriented nature, integrating GAT recommendations into its operational strategy.
Development Partners Group
The Government strongly encourages the improvement in the coordination of development cooperation in the Country and requested the UN to lead the Development Partners Group (DPG) in establishing mechanisms and tools able to promote enhanced cooperation among DPs and between DPs and the Government. The DPG represents the main forum for donor coordination in Cape Verde, regularly meeting since the beginning of 2007 and counting on the regular and active participation of most Development Partners active in the Country.
Further strengthening of the DPG structure is currently a priority point on the agenda, entailing the development of thematic sub-groups and the reinforcement of the linkages between the DPG and the other donor coordination mechanisms present in the Country. In particular, the establishment of regular, action oriented dialogue with the Budget Support Group (composed by the 7 Donors currently using budget support aid modality) is a primary objective.
ODA Database and Aid Management System
The Development Partners Group created at the same time a Task Team requested to support the establishment of a common aid management and tracking system able to provide complete and updated data on DP's activities in Cape Verde and to facilitate their coordination.
- Ensure timely and regular exchange of aid-related information between Development Partners and Government's bodies;
- Facilitate coordination among the Development Partners, in accordance with the principle of the Paris Declaration, improving the effectiveness of their aid strategies;
- Promote the systematization of a complete database on aid activities in Cape Verde, also including technical assistance, decentralized cooperation and civil society-led activities.
The system will be specifically customized on Cape Verde's requirements and directly interfaced with the Government's Public Finance Management (SIGOF), ensuring bi-directional information flow and supporting national budgeting, resource allocation and prioritization.
The centrality of the Paris Declaration (PD) in any efforts towards improved aid effectiveness is unquestionable. Being fully aware of that, the Government invited the United Nations - in the framework of the DPG - to promote among Development Partners the elaboration of a Code of Conduct and a Plan of Action for the implementation of the Paris Declaration in Cape Verde.
Ownership, Alignment, Harmonization, Managing for Results and Mutual Accountability – the five principles affirmed by the PD – need to be translated in a concrete reference scheme with clear objectives and implementation strategies and the UN is ready to provide all the support for the principles effective application. Specific focus will be devoted to the indications of the Accra Agenda for Action, tackling in particular the challenges related to aid flows predictability and to the use of national systems.